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Genesis of the Grail Kings: The Explosive Story of Genetic Cloning and the Ancient Bloodline of Jesus – Book Review

GenesisOfTheGrailkingsby: Laurence Gardner,

Publisher: Fair Winds Press, 33 Commercial St, Gloucester, MA 01930

Copyright: 2001

Type: Softcover

reviewed by: Lynard Barnes, January 1, 2008

Summary: Excellent take off on Zecharia Sitchin premise that the Anunnaki from the planet Nibiru, were responsible for the development of Mesopotamia and the Summerian civilization. They planted the seed of all religious thought. Special emphasis upon mis-translations in the bible.

Where did the Sumerians come from?

In GENESIS OF THE GRAIL KINGS, author Laurence Gardners makes the point a couple of times that the Sumerian language is not related to any known family of languages which have existed or which currently exist. When the Sumerians first emerged around 4,000 BC in southern Mesopotamia (Iraq, known as Uruk in ancient times), they were already highly advanced. What made Sumerian texts decipherable was the discovery in the early 20th century of Akkadian script with footnotes related to Sumerian records. Sumerian script is dated back to 3400 BC and is a cuneiform (wedge-shaped) script. Gardner leans heavily toward present day eastern Europe as the origin of the Sumerian language and the people who spoke it. He states that “the Sumerian people could well have originated by way of migration from ancient Scythia and the Black Sea regions”. Indeed they may have, but the evidence he sites is extremely circumstantial. It is not a major point of his book however.

It is odd to realize that practically no one took Sumerians and the Sumerian civilization seriously until the mid-19th century–whole libraries of ancient clay tablets found at archeological sites describing various aspects of Sumer were uncovered. After these discoveries, Sumer no longer existed only in the Bible. The Bible sets the tower of Babel in the land of Shinar, which is how the Hebrews wrote Sumer. Also in the Bible, Moses’ ancestral home is in the land of Ur, which is also Sumer. Sumer did not become a real place for most until the discovery of those clay tablets in the 19th century with Sumerian-Akkadian script. The city of Ur itself was not found until the 20th century. Indeed, Gardner traces the origins of Judaism and Christianity from the ancient people of Sumer and their pantheon, the Anunnaki. Zecharia Sitchin, in his Earth Chronicles series of books, does the same. But there is plenty of other material interpreting the life and times of the Sumerians.

For more, see

The special contribution Gardner makes to the history of religion is his examination of the Bible and the various adaptations, omissions and mis-interpretations found therein. Works of fiction have been created around these issues. Gardner cites the book of Genesis quoting God as saying, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness”. Was there one God or many? After citing other examples of plural and singular use of the term God in the Bible, Gardner goes on to say, “Old Testament entries such as these are quite indicative of historically recorded texts of Sumerian era . . ., but they are surprisingly different from our traditional religious conditioning that there was but one God.”

The author makes a compelling case that the God of Abraham originated from the Sumerian god Enlil. It was Enlil who “promised Abraham . . . and his descendants that he would exalt their race above all others . . .” With the passage of time and under the pressures to solidify the tribal-nation (not “race”), Enlil’s name was transformed to Jehovah (“or Yahweh, from YHWH: ‘I am that I am’). The evidence for this comes from the book of Genesis in which Gardner points out that there are two consecutive Creation stories. He also points out that over time, the feminine contingent of the Gods was gradually reduced to inconsequence, acquiring a tint of evil. On page 142 he quotes from the book of Judges (10:6) where it states that the Israelites, “after the death of Moses, ‘did that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah, and served the Baalim and the Asheteroth . . . and they forsook Jehovah and served him not'”. The Ashteroth was the plural name for the Sumerian goddesses.

Whereas the Anunnaki gods were a real presence in the lives of old Sumer, under the “Hebrew perception of Jehovah”, God became a total abstraction. This is one of the most significant threads running through Gardner’s book and he supports the opinion well. If, as apparently for the Sumerians, the Gods were corporate entities of flesh and blood, and for the Hebrews an abstraction in the ether world of Space, where does that leave the concept of God for the rest of us? This is the question for our age and it is not going away. Gardner touches upon this issues when he writes, “In erstwhile Mesopotamian, Canaanite and Egyptian thought, the unexplainable divine was manifest within Nature, and Nature enveloped both the gods and society.” The foundations of Christianity “forsook harmony in favor of subservience”, thus destroying “the relationship between humankind and the phenomenal world”. When we look at some fo the Nature based religions, there may be something to Gardner’s view. But it raises even more questions on the subject rather than resolve the one already raised.


Raising Atlantis – Review

by: Greanis, Thomas

Publisher: Pocket Books, Simon & Schuster Inc., 1230 Avenue of the Americas

Location: New York, NY

Copyright: 2005

Type: Paperback

reviewed by: Lynard Barnes 1/1/2008

Summary: Conrad Drake and Serena Serghetti are lured to the South Pole of Antartica where they uncover the secret to the earth tilt problem.

In fiction, you suspend belief and ride along on the vision of truth projected by the author. The author must burrow through a maze of preconceived notions by the reader in order to construct a fictional reality. Thomas Greanis manages to pull this off to an amazing degree. But by the end of the novel, the reader is left dangling with a “so what” question. The “so what” question is the demarcation line between good fiction, including science fiction, and a river of words.

This is a good story as far as adventurism goes. Ice Base Orion, constructed in the hostile environment of Antarctica in six weeks, is ran by Major General Griffin Yeats. He was at one time the first man on Mars. Now he is in charge of the excavation of twelve thousand years of accumulated snow and ice covering land in east Antarctica. The fact that it was military operation and military operations were strictly forbidden by international treaty made his job dicey.

One of the blades that could make mincemeat of Yeat’s operation is Serena Serghetti. She was a former Roman Catholic nun who had turned her passion into a fight to save the world environment–Mother Earth is the epitaphs assigned to her. One day she is summoned to the Vatican and told by the Pope the Americans are conducting an excavation in Antarctica in violation of the Madrid Protocols of 1991. He tells her that there is a great deal of seismic activity on the continent. Are the Americans doing something to cause the activity. The Pope wants Serena to find out. He also tells her that the Americans may have found something in the Piri Reis World Map (a map dated to 1513 showing Antarctica without ice). If Antarctica was Plato’s Atlantis and the Americans found something that changed the way people view the world could result in moral anarchy on Earth “because humanity has cast aside the Judeo-Christian tradition’. Under that imperative, Serena sets off for Antarctica.

The other main character in RAISING ATLANTIS is Conrad Yeats. He is a television anointed “explorer”, once upon a time an archaeologist. During filming of one of his television specials in Peru on the lines criss-crossing the plains of Nazca, he is forced into a Black Hawk helicopter by a military delegation sent on behalf of General Yeats, Conrad’s father. It seems the younger Yeats is needed for his expertise in archaeology.

The story follows what one would expect of a scifi adventure tale. There is a plane crash, two sets of villains, the do-gooder (Serena of course) and the innocently involved (Conrad, more-or-less the son, Yeats). There is also the discovery.

While a lot of RAISING ATLANTIS strains the imagination, it is appropriately done. Even he villainous characters are believable–rare in these type stories. As for the reason offered for the earth tilting on its axis every 28,000 years or so, one must first accept that the tilt does in fact occur. A minor debate which does not impinge upon the enjoyment of the story this novel tells.

The highlight of the novel of course is the challenge to “Judeo-Christian tradition”. (The concept should be Judeo-Christian-Muslim tradition since all three religions have the same roots). In the closing chapters of the novel, the author seems to lean toward Zecharia Sitchin’s Anunnaki travelers as the basis for current God beliefs.



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